Dental wisdom removal: Important information

What is this:

Dental wisdom removal is a surgical procedure that results in removing a third molar from the dental alveolar. Although in most cases it is an easy operation, the curved root system makes the process a little more difficult.

Reasons for removing wisdom teeth:

  1. Incorrect cutting: wisdom teeth can grow in angles or horizontally, resulting in injury to other teeth and gums.
  2. The presence of cysts: cysts near the wisdom tooth may require its removal.
  3. Absence of an antagonist tooth: If the opposite “wise” tooth is missing, it can cause pressure on the neighboring teeth, which becomes the reason for its extraction.
  4. Caries: The teeth of wisdom are often cut with caries and removed immediately.
  5. Partial or complete non-cut: wisdom teeth laid down but not fully cut can also be removed.

Signs of the problem:

* Redness and softness of the gums

* Pain in the area of teeth cutting

* Difficulties in opening the jaw and pain in chewing

* Unpleasant smell from the mouth

* Increased body temperature

Indications for urgent removal:

* Severe infections caused by an abscess of the jaw

* Dental fractures due to injury


* Acute infectious diseases

* Heart problems (last heart attacks, strokes, etc.)

* Violation of blood folding

If you have a suspicion of problems with wisdom teeth, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Premature treatment can lead to serious complications such as abscesses and osteomyelitis.

Diagnosis before surgery:

Before removing wisdom teeth, it is important to carry out a careful diagnosis to determine the exact position of the teeth, especially if they have not been completely cut. A specialist usually orders an X-ray or an orthopantomogram to obtain detailed information.

Removal procedure:

  1. Simple removal: The operation begins with anesthesia. Then the specialist uses shields and elevators to extract the tooth. Cuts are usually not done. The process of extracting the tooth takes from 2 to 10 minutes, depending on the complexity.

After removal, the wound is treated with antiseptic. If necessary, scars are applied to prevent infection. A bandage with anesthesia is applied to the area of manipulation to reduce bleeding.

  1. Difficult removal: In difficult cases, the bone is cut with a scalpel. The tooth is cut into parts by a drill machine to facilitate its extraction. After removal, the wound is treated with antiseptic and sealed.
  2. Ultrasonic removal: In some cases, the tooth can be removed using an ultrasonic scalpel, which promotes rapid healing and reduces the risk of complications.
  3. Removal of the tooth pocket with tooth preservation: In certain cases, when the tooth pocket is inflamed but the tooth itself can still be preserved, removal of the capsule and treatment with antiseptics are performed.

The period after surgery:

* The doctor may prescribe antibacterial drugs and analgesics.

* Physiotherapeutic procedures using ultrasound help to reduce redness and inflammation.

* It is important to avoid heat treatments, do not consume hot drinks and food.

* The marrow tampon should be removed after 20 minutes after surgery.

* It is not recommended to eat food for the first few hours after surgery.

* Do not rub your mouth intensely to avoid bleeding and reduce the risk of bleeding.

* It is forbidden to touch wounds with tongue, brush, toothbrush and toothbrush.

* At the hotel it is recommended to add ice.

Possible complications:

* Temporary bleeding, elevated temperature, and swelling. These symptoms usually disappear within a few days.

* If the pain is exacerbated and does not go away, it can be a sign of infection and requires a visit to a doctor.

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